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Lifestyle in India

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The Government of India promotes socialist-inspired rural policies and extensive protectionism in Indian villages. The attempt to save the Indian village from pervasive corruption is consistent and totally market-based, since the agricultural surplus is an advantage to the increase in population. Village life in India is simple. The village folk not only dress simply, but also display simplicity in their meals and work life. Indian villages are major contributors to the agricultural products like wheat, rice, various lentils and cereals and also cash crops like cotton, oilseed, jute, tea, coffee and sugarcane. The typical village home also houses cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.

ViMost homes are eco-friendly units, with courtyards, cattle enclosures, and thatched kitchen areas. Their community life spurs to action during annual fairs and pilgrimages. While men in most Indian villages sport light, cotton shirts and loose trousers or dhotis, the women's attire comprises the typical sari or long skirts and blouses. Handcrafted jewelry like bangles, anklets, nose rings and earrings highlight every dress code, urban as well as rural. Festivities of Diwali and Holi bring the villagers together and it is not uncommon to see even non-Hindus have a whale of a time with the colored water and special delicacies.

Villagers display a deep loyalty to the village deity and the village itself. Village feuds are not uncommon. Certain facilities are common to the village, like ponds and tanks, meadows, temples, cremation grounds, trees and wasteland. Traditionally, Indian villages follow the panchayat or headman system, which offers equal opportunity to women and men to be a part of and contribute to the village administration.

Village Life in India:

The Government of India promotes socialist-inspired rural policies and extensive protectionism in Indian villages. The attempt to save the Indian village from pervasive corruption is consistent and totally market-based, since the agricultural surplus is an advantage to the increase in population. Village life in India is simple. The village folk not only dress simply, but also display simplicity in their meals and work life. Indian villages are major contributors to the agricultural products like wheat, rice, various lentils and cereals and also cash crops like cotton, oilseed, jute, tea, coffee and sugarcane. The typical village home also houses cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.

Village life revolves around tilling and reaping and providing the raw material for allied industries. In spite of regular migration of youth to cities and townships, the population directly involved in agriculture remains constant and dedicated to the cause. Villagers begin the day with baths in the makeshift baths and eat only after worship at home and at the village temple. The rest of the day spreads over work in the fields and/or the creation of ingenious crafts. Their meals comprise of hand baked breads and lentil. The day culminates in either richly earned rest or sharing of thoughts in the village quadrangle.

 

Most homes are eco-friendly units, with courtyards, cattle enclosures, and thatched kitchen areas. Their community life spurs to action during annual fairs and pilgrimages. While men in most Indian villages sport light, cotton shirts and loose trousers or dhotis, the women's attire comprises the typical sari or long skirts and blouses. Handcrafted jewelry like bangles, anklets, nose rings and earrings highlight every dress code, urban as well as rural. Festivities of Diwali and Holi bring the villagers together and it is not uncommon to see even non-Hindus have a whale of a time with the colored water and special delicacies.

Villagers display a deep loyalty to the village deity and the village itself. Village feuds are not uncommon. Certain facilities are common to the village, like ponds and tanks, meadows, temples, cremation grounds, trees and wasteland. Traditionally, Indian villages follow the panchayat or headman system, which offers equal opportunity to women and men to be a part of and contribute to the village administration.

Village Work Life in India:

Village work life largely depends on the main occupation of the family or gram (village). While some are pledged to agriculture, some indulge in the creation of arts and crafts for generations, and yet some others, dedicatedly trade. The village work life depends on the location of the village. For example, people of the coastal villages of Kerela naturally indulge in large scale fishing, while those near the tribal settlements capitalize on the national and international market for native craft. Villagers in India use simple tools and implements and in spite of the current trend of dependency on automated tools, the preference is for manual labor.

However, the government has made technology and automated revisions of farming implements available to every villager and currently the readdress of 'ownership of land tilled' is being considered to encourage the retention of village youth, who are otherwise migrating to cities. Today, the outskirts of Indian villages flaunt textile industries, food packaging plants, steel plants and sugar industries. These have again generated employment opportunities for the young and old alike. Ongoing government reforms endeavor to fashion the nation as a 'motor' for world economy. Improvements in public sector reforms, agrarian infrastructure and rural development, redressed labor norms etc have redefined village life in India.

Climate:

 

India has Monsoon climate in which a year has been divided into two distinct seasons of summer and winter. Rainfall occurs mainly in summer.

Weather Forecasting System:

India has a strong weather forecasting system developed and maintained by Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). Apart from weather forecasting and severe weather warning, it also gives agro meteorological services to farmers in India.  Agro Climatic Zones:  India has diverse agro-climatic zones from north to south and from east to west. It has been divided into fifteen different agro-climatic zones, which signifies its diversified agricultural production from tropical to temperate crops.

Major Crops:

Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Pulses, Cotton, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Tea, Coffee, Coconut, Cashew, Rubber, Spices, Cauliflower, Onion, Cabbage, Mango, Banana, Sapota, Acid lime.

Farm Size:

Indian Agriculture is characterized by small and marginal operational holdings. About 85% of total cultivated land has been fragmented into less than 10-hectare land. About 60% of farmland is less than 4 hectare in size.


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