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Performance Monitoring in a Dairy Farm

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Some Points:

  • Minimum 30% of animals in production should be of first lactation.
  • First lactation animals should produce at lease 70% of Milk in the farm in any given time.
  • Individual cows should have at least 280 days lactation period.
  • Minimum 60% of the cows in the herd should breed within 60-90 days after previous calving.     Cows breeding after 140 days or more should not be in any case more than 5 %.
  • There should not be a single death due to contagious diseases.
  • Calf mortality up to 6 months of age should not be more than 5% per year.
  • Non functional teat should not be more then 1% of the total 
    ( Total teats = Number of cows x 4 )
  • Total cost on feed should not exceed 70% of net income through sale of milk.
  • At any given time, Seventy percent (70%) of animals should be in milk where as 20% should be dry pregnant and 10% should be dry empty.
  • On any given day , average days in milk ( of all animals in milk ) should be 150 to 160 days : On any day , count the number of days ( respect to each animal) in milk from date of calving and take the average for all the animals in milk )
  • Sixty percent (60 %) of the animals should breed upon first insemination (A I) it self.

Some Tips:

  • Every year try to improve the daily average milk yield by 15 to 20% ( Achievable only through good management )
  • Use semen of those bulls which can give progenies with at least 1.5 times of potential of milk production than your herd average, but in any case it should not have the capability of giving progenies with more than twice the potential of milk production. ( e.g. if your herd average is 3000 liters per lactation , use bulls having potential of giving progenies with 4500 to 5500 liter herd average  NOT bulls having potential of producing progenies giving 6500 liters or above )
  • Give incentive to the labors for correct detection of heat (estrous), Good growth rate of calves, feed and fodder saved etc.
  • Cull non-profitable animal e.g. Animals with breeding problem, Animals producing not up to the average. Every year cull 20-30% of animals from the herd and replace them from own grown young stock. Do not cull animals if you do not get better replacement. A regular breeder can be retained even if it is producing 20% less then herd average.
  • If animals are required to be purchased for replacement :
    • Purchase them from within 20 –25 kms area.
    • Know their Sire 
      Take utmost care that they are health


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