Choose Language:

Cocunut

Coconut

Font Size

A great tree on earth. From root to coconut every bit of coconut tree can be utilized. As food, drinks, medicine, wooden pieces for building houses and furniture, coir and the usage goes on without end. That is why coconut tree is important to every Indian. According to farm land and production of coconut, India is in third place of all coconut producing countries. There are about 1914 hectors of land is used in India to produce coconut. Out of this 15840 millions of coconuts are being produced. This is comparatively less, because farmers are not giving enough care to coconut trees. That will create shortage of coconut oil.

Coconut trees can grow in different types of soil, zone and climate conditions. It is important to choose coconut seed and saplings for planting, because the quality and character of a coconut tree can be realized only after few years of planting.

Selection of farm land

The following conditions are not suitable for a successful coconut tree plantation and must avoid.

1. Rocky soil and soil with no depth

2. Low and waterlogged places

3. Grounds with clay

Waterlogged soil can be reused after mixing sand with the soil. Availability of regular rain or proper irrigation facility will help to get enough water for coconut trees.

Plantation

Planting of coconut palms depends on types of soil and atmospheric conditions. If the ground is uneven and filled with bushes, then cut the bushes and level the ground. The required depth of pits depended on the type soil. If the soil is hard with rock underneath, then the size of pit could be 1.2m X 1.2m X 1.2m width, length and depth respectively. Before planting seedling, add a mixture of dried and powdered cow dung, ash and loose soil into the pit. Fill it about 60cm. If the soil is wet, sticky and soft then, make the pits with following size. 1m X 1m X 1m and add the same mixture to the pit and it is recommended that fill upto 50cm. Before filling the pit with soil, arrange the bottom of the pit to maintain moisture.

Distance

In coconut plantation all the trees must be kept in a good distance. You can keep a distance of 7.5 meter between each trees. According to this method you can have upto 124 to 177 coconut trees per hector in rectangular shape. Planting trees in triangular shape will add 20 to 25 trees more in a hector.


+ 0
+ 0
scroll back to top

Cocunut Cultivation

Font Size

 

Distribution

Coconut is grown in more than 80 countries of the world with a total production of 49 billion nuts. India occupies a predominant position in respect of production of coconut in the world. The shares of coconut growing countries in production are: Indonesia (25.7%), Philippines (23.2%), India (23%), Sri Lanka (4.4%), others (13.7%) and other APCC countries (10%). The productivity of the crop is the highest in India with 7572 nuts/ha.

Traditional areas of coconut in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Pondicherry, Maharashtra and Islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. Non-traditional areas are the states of Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Tripura, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

Four southern states put together account for 92% of the total production in the country (Kerala 45.22%, Tamil Nadu 26.56%, Karnataka 10.85%, Andhra Pradesh 8.93% and other states 8.44%).

Coconut is a crop of small and marginal farmers since 98% of about five million coconut holdings in the country are less than two hectares. In the west coast of India, the palm is an essential component in the homestead system of farming where it is grown as rainfed.

Agro - climatic requirements

The coconut palm thrives well under an evenly distributed annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm to 3000 mm. The palm requires an equitable warm and humid climate neither very hot, nor very cold. The mean annual temperature for optimum growth and maximum yield is stated to be 27 degree Celsius with a diurnal variation of 6 0C to 7 0C. The coconut palm thrives well up to an altitude of 600 m MSL.

The coconut palm can tolerate wide range of soil conditions. But the palm does show certain growth preferences. A variety of factors such as drainage, soil depth, soil fertility and layout of the land has great influence on the growth of the palm. The major soil types that support coconut in India are laterite, alluvial, red sandy loam, coastal sandy and reclaimed soils with a PH ranging from 5.2 to 8.0.


+ 0
+ 0
scroll back to top

Cocunut

Font Size

 

Coconuts is the most important plant species in tropical counties.Coconuts requires a humid tropical climate , rainfall ranging 100-1500 cm.It can be grown up to 900m altitude.The most suitable average temperature is 27-320 C .Plenty of sunshine and water are essential for good yield.Coconut palms are of mainly two types i.e.tall and dwarf.However , semi-tall are in between.

Tall : West coast tall Singapore Giant .Malaya Giant , Philippines ,Dward : Ceylon Dwarf Red ,Ceylon Dwarf Green etc, Hybrid T x D , D x T , T x T ,Significance of coconuts hybrids: Coconut hybrids are early bearers . They are high yielder More number of palms can be planed per unit area because coconuts hybrids are dwarf in nature. They are comparatively tolerant to pests and diseases.

Coconut is propagated by seeds. Generally from the month of November onwards provision of irrigation should be made. The interval of irrigation may be kept 8-10 days.(Cocos nucifera) tree of the palm family (Arecaceae). It is one of the most important crops of the tropics. The slender, leaning, ringed trunk of the tree rises to a height of up to 25 m (80 feet) from a swollen base and is surmounted by a graceful crown of giant, featherlike leaves. Mature fruits, ovoid or ellipsoid in shape, 300–450 mm (12–18 inches) in length, and 150–200 mm in diameter, have a thick, fibrous husk surrounding the familiar single-seeded nut of commerce. A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, composed of both meat and liquid.


+ 0
+ 0
scroll back to top
Banner

Latest News

Please feel free to get in touch, we value your feedback.
 

Top Searches




























Crops&VegetablesLivestock Business&Finance Technology&Science Fruits Agriculture&Life Innovations Economy Medical Plants Cereals Vegetables Krishi Bhavans Lifestyle Authority Address Soil Types Fertilizers Farming Agriculture Institutions Condiments&Spices Medical Plants Loans Lands Irrigations Technologies&Machinaries Domestic Animals Insurance Poultry Govt Schemes Pet Animals Expert Advice Agri Tips Beverages Oil seeds