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Red Gram

RED GRAM (Cajanus cajan)

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Red Gram belongs to the family Leguminoseae. It is an erect shrub. The leaves are trifoliately compound. The inflorescence is an axillary receme often forming a terminal panicle. Usually two flowers open at a time on the same inflorescence. The flowers are self-pollinated,pollination takes place before the flowers open. The fruit is a pod. Seeds are round or lens shaped.
Red gram (pigeon pea) is less suitable for the tropics. The most favourable temperature range is 18-30ºC. The crop is grown at a wide range of elevation. Red gram can be grown in almost all soil types that are not very poor in lime and are not subjected to waterlogging. Optimum growth and yield are obtained in deep loam soils. Red gram can be grown as mixed crop with groundnut, paddy or tapioca or as a pure crop.


Variety: SA 1


Seed rate
Pure crop 15-20 kg/ha
Mixed crop 6-7 kg/ha

Sowing can be done in two seasons. As a mixed crop, sow the seeds in June-July. When sown with groundnut, spacing recommended between rows is 3 to 3.5 m. Red gram can also be sown in paddy fields after the harvest of mundakan crop either broadcast or dibbled. In the dibbled crop, a spacing of 35 cm between rows is recommended. Thinning is to be done, if necessary.


Red Gram is deep rooted crop and can tolerate drought. During rainy season water should not stand in the field.In the case of prolonged drought during reproductive phase, one or two irrigation may be given.


Lime                  500 kg/ha
Cattle manure 3000 kg/ha
N                        40 kg/ha
P2O5                 80 kg/ha


Weeding and intercultivation once in three weeks will ensure a good crop.

Plant Protection

Pod borer is the main pest. For controlling this, spray the crop with 0.1% quinalphos suspension at the time of flowering. The blister beetle, Zonabris, gregariously feeds on the flowers. Against this, malathion 10% DP may be applied at the flowering stage


Harvest the pods when tree-fourths of pods turn brown.The harvested plants are sun dried and threshed by beating the pods with a stick.


Threshed and cleaned produce should be further sun dried to reduce the moisture content ot less than 11%.


2-2.5 tons of grains per hectare

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