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Livestock

Fish Farming Pros and Cons

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The industry of fish farming has been exercised by our ancestors hundreds of years already, this is according to experts. It is said that about a quarter of the total consumed fish all over the world came from fish farming or aquaculture. Here you can see how important the industry is in supporting the food industry of the world. However, the fish farming industry faces a very big challenge in the recent years on how it can sustain the demand regardless of the disadvantages it could bring to the natural environment.

Let’s discuss the pros and cons of fish farming so you could have a bright idea on you will manage the business.


The Pros and Cons of Fish Farming and How to Deal with it

Let’s start with the advantages. Fish farming was created as an alternative source of freshwater and saltwater fish products to answer the increasing demand of the world for food due to the explosion of the population. Since the oceans and lakes can’t sustain this demand alone, the fish farming industry replaces this shortage by producing fish supply in much quicker time than its natural habitat. The fish farming industry also has been the answer to save some fish species like red snapper and cod from disappearing in our oceans by bringing them in aquaculture farms to revive their population. Another great advantage of aquaculture is the additional job opportunity it can provide to those areas where unemployment is rampant, particularly in the coastal areas. In addition, fish farming can solve the problem of malnutrition by providing enough supply of fish which is a great source of protein, iodine, omega-3, and other nutrients needed by our body.

On the other hand, if there are pros there are also cons. One great disadvantage of fish farming is regarding environmental concern. Because the fish farms contain a huge number of fish that makes them crowded in their artificial home, some of them will die and can cause pollution to their water sources. And when the water sources had been contaminated, it will produce bacteria to infest the area along with other diseases, hence threatening the health of the wild population causing them to die abruptly. Feeding the fish population in the farm is another issue. The feeds are more on fish meals, meaning some species are eating their kind like shrimps and salmons for example. To sustain the fish farm you need a great resource of these feeds, thus making the business extremely unproductive.

 


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Vaccinations

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Kids should be given first dose of  Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus vaccination at 8 weeks of age and again at 12 weeks of age..

Does should be given Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus vaccination 4-6 weeks before breeding season and 4-6 weeks before kidding.

Bucks should be vaccinated with Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus once in a year

 


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How to Start a Goat Farm

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Just like any other business, starting a goat dairy farming requires thorough research about the business. This is very important so that you will know how you can set up the business according to your preference. The easiest way of doing research is to talk with other people in the same business. In this way, you can investigate about the health and legal aspects of the business as well as the related costs. Knowing all these facts can help in developing a business plan as well as in addressing unexpected issues. Likewise, if you want to start your own goat dairy farm it is a must to learn the behavior, breed, production cycles and health of the goat. These factors affect the farm production.


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How to Design a Dairy Farm

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Engaging in a cattle business needs a lot of planning and hard work, especially when designing your dairy farm. The dairy farm will be the heart of the daily operation; the milking process, calving process, and other dairy farm-related jobs. So the first thing you will think about is the plan of the barns. Make a lay-out of the plan which includes the purpose, the method you will use for the construction, the materials needed, and the size of the barn. The purpose can be if it will be used as a milking parlor, as a shelter for the calves, or as a slaughter house for meat production. Next is the method you will use; choose if you want it a pole construction, wood frame construction, or concrete blocks construction. Once you have decided of which method is good for your barn then prepare the materials based on the construction method that you have chosen. When considering the size of the barn, make it sure that it is enough to house up the cattle or calves.


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Which breed is right for you

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Jamunapari

  • Fairly tall animal
  • Has a strongly arched Roman nose and long pendulous ears which are about 12 inches long in adult Jamunapari.
  • Buck weighs about  65-85 kgs and does weighs about 45-60 kgs
  • one kid per kidding
  • six months kid weighs about 15 kg

Milk production is about 2-2.5 lit/day.


Tellichery

  • Goat are in white, brown and black colors
  • Kidding size is 2-3 kids

Buck weighs about  40-50 kgs and does weighs about 30 kgs


Boer

  • Rearing for meat all over the world
  • Has a fast growth rate
  • Buck weighs about  110-135 kgs and does weighs about 90-100 kgs

Kids weighs about 20-30 kgs at 90 days of age

 

 


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