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Agri Insurance

Potato Crop Insurance

Salient features of this Policy 1.  Unique parametric insurance based on named perils linked to pla

Thursday, 9 June 2011 Comments

Agri Land

Agri Land

Image - Agri Land

Arable land — land under annual crops, such as cereals, cotton, other technical crops, potatoes, v

Tuesday, 1 March 2011 Comments

Agri Loans

Slew of agri, dairy sche

Image - Slew of agri, dairy sche

The Karnataka government has allocated Rs 17,857 crore for the development of agriculture, allied

Saturday, 26 February 2011 Comments

Business and Finance

Pratibha: agriculture research must meet national priorities

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President Pratibha Patil on Saturday asked research institutions to develop partnerships with the farming communities for effective transfer of technology.

Expressing concern at the slow pace of technology dissemination from lab to land, she said the successes in the laboratory were often missing on the field and the extension machinery was weak. “Agriculture research must focus on priorities that meet national priorities,” she said at the annual convocation of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) here.

She conferred degrees on 69 Ph.D and 75 M.Sc students in the presence of Union Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar, Union Minister of State for Agriculture K.V. Thomas and IARI Director H.S. Gupta.

Favouring a complementary role for the industry in developing the farm sector, Ms. Patil said, there were many benefits of agriculture and the corporate sector working together. “I believe that farming is the biggest enterprise in our country. Industry-agriculture joint enterprises can be complementary to each other. Industry can involve farmers as stakeholders in an array of activities in terms of seeds, fertilisers, pesticides and implements, besides marketing and food processing.”

“The partnership arrangement should be voluntary, autonomous and democratic. It should be a transparent process, where farmers see such arrangements as a measure to empower them and are confident about the ownership of their land.

“Agriculture sector accounts for less than a quarter of the country’s GDP, but employs 60 per cent of the workforce. With more than six lakh villages being homes to millions of farmers and farm workers, it is difficult to visualise a prosperous India without rural development,” the President observed.

Pointing to the low level of productivity in comparison to other countries, Ms. Patil asked the scientists to bridge the gap. Rice productivity in the country had doubled to 3.3 tonnes per hectare since 1960s, she said, but it was still lower than the yield level of countries like Bangladesh, China, Vietnam and Indonesia. The wheat yield had tripled to 2.8 tonnes per hectare in the past 50 years, but it was still half of what was produced on a hectare of land in the European Union.

With the rise in food production prices, there was a need for developing strategies that maximised productivity and generated income and employment for rural population.

With 82 per cent of farmers in the country being small and marginal, the President said, the economic limitation of small-sized land operations was the main challenge. Mridhul Chakraborti and Santosh H.B. received ‘Best Student of the Year’ award. Five faculty members of the post-graduate school including A.D. Munshi, Y.S. Shivey, S.D. Singh, D.K. Singh and V.T. Gajbhiye were given ‘Best Teacher’ award.


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India should attain global standards in agriculture education, says Pawar

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Minister for Agriculture and Food Processing Industries Sharad Pawar has called for evolving global standards to enhance quality and relevance of agricultural education and research in the country.

Addressing a two-day Conference of Vice Chancellors of Agriculture Universities and Directors of ICAR Institutes here, Pawar said that requisite models of public-private partnerships must be evolved for educational activities as well as for development.

He underlined the need for application and flow of technologies from lab to the market place and for strengthening of national agricultural research and education system infrastructure through active interface with the industry.

"In order to effectively address the emerging needs of agricultural sector, we require highly competent human resources," he added.

Referring to the revised course curricula now implemented in agricultural universities, Pawar said that new curricula focuses on development of knowledge, skills and attitude.

"To make it demand driven new courses have been added including the Experiential Learning with the objective of entrepreneurship development in students," he added.

The Minister further said: "Degradation of natural resources and unpredictable shifts in climatic patterns have been impacting the farming practices.

"Competitions posed by globalization and opening up of economies, ethical issues of trade related intellectual property rights, genetically modified foods and organisms and enforcement of strict quality regimes need immediate attention while developing technically qualified manpower," he added.

Pawar said the infrastructure including the laboratories, farm and other facilities in some of the institutions are quite old and need renovation and upgradation.

He said that though the ICAR supports agricultural universities to the possible extent to develop globally competitive infrastructure for technology generation and dissemination and human capacity building, the States should also rise to the occasion by extending adequate support.

He called upon the Vice Chancellors to expeditiously take steps for adoption of the Model Act developed by the ICAR for agricultural universities.

Expressing happiness over increase in number of woman students in higher agricultural education in the recent years, he said that 60 new girls hostels in 38 agricultural universities have been completed that can accommodate 3,000 more girl students. (ANI)


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Agri Land

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Arable land — land under annual crops, such as cereals, cotton, other technical crops, potatoes, vegetables, and melons; also includes land left temporarily fallow.

Orchards and vineyards — land under permanent crops (e.g., fruit plantations).

Meadows and pastures — areas for natural grasses and grazing of livestock.

The first two components — arable land and land in permanent crops — constitute so-called cultivable land. The part of arable land actually under crops is called sown land or cropped land. The term farmland is ambiguous in the sense that it may refer, on the one hand, to agricultural land and, on the other hand, to cultivable or even only arable land.

Depending on the use of artificial irrigation, agricultural land is divided into irrigated and non-irrigated land. In arid and semi-arid countries agriculture is often confined to irrigated land, with very little farming possible in non-irrigated or rainfed areas.

Agricultural land constitutes only a part of any country's territory, which in addition also includes areas not suitable for agriculture, such as forestsmountains, and inland water bodies. Agricultural land covers 38% of the world's land area, with arable land representing less than one-third of agricultural land (11% of the world's land area).

In the context of zoning, agricultural land (or more properly agriculturally zoned land) refers to plots that may be used for agricultural activities, regardless of the physical type or quality of land.

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Slew of agri, dairy schemes in Karnataka Budget, crop loans at 1%

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The Karnataka government has allocated Rs 17,857 crore for the development of agriculture, allied and irrigation sectors in its Budget 2011-12.  

The government has decided to take bold steps to solve the problems faced by agriculture, allied and irrigation sectors in the state. “In this direction, I propose to accord more importance to formulating appropriate schemes for the increasing numbers of the marginal and small farmers, addressing the lack of appropriate technology, providing essential and modern processing facilities, construction of godowns and cold-storages and organising partnerships with institutions having expertise and mobilising adequate capital for implementing these strategies along with formulating supporting policies,” stated chief minister B S Yeddyurappa, who presented the Budget in the State Assembly.. 

Several important steps to rejuvenate agriculture and its allied sectors are taken. An allocation of Rs 1,000 crore will be provided for development of 10 lakh farmer families under Suvarna Bhoomi Yojana. Crop loan will be made available at 1% interest to the farmers through co-operative credit institutions.

The government has also made an allocation of Rs 200 crore for organic farming, Rs125 crore is  provided for promotion of bio-fuels, Rs 100 crore will be provided for giving subsidy for drip irrigation and sprinkler, besides another  Rs 100  crore will be provided for giving subsidy for purchase of agricultural equipment.

A provision of Rs 40 crore has been provided for one modern mobile unit to each taluk for extension work in agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry.

The state is making efforts to formulate the Karnataka Agri Business Development Policy. For this it has made efforts to establish Agriculture Infrastructure Fund of Rs 500 crore and increase the Agriculture Revolving Fund to Rs 1000 crore.

The government has provided Rs 3,900 crore for supplying quality power to irrigation pump-sets. For rejuvenation of tanks and for filling up of water in the dried tanks, an amount of Rs 1,000 crore will be provided. The government has allocated another Rs 100 crore for regularisation of one lakh unauthorised pump-sets. The state has also declared 2011-20 as “Irrigation decade,” and will mobilise Rs 50,000 crore for water resources development. 

There are several incentives offered to the rural cottage industries. These include a subsidy to   50,000 youths for starting bee-keeping industry.

Priority to transparency and computerisation of agricultural markets was announced. Further, a provision of Rs 5 crore for  construction of 50 fish markets, Rs 100 crore is set aside for the construction of small harbours and Rs 100 crore for construction of warehouses.

The Government has established 4 Bio-centres for developing high yield variety seeds.

Further, to promote horticulture, a separate university with 9 horticulture colleges and one post-graduate centre has been established. A Mango Board and Wine Board have been established for giving special attention to these valuable horticultural produce. 

There has been considerable improvement in the field of animal husbandry on account of various steps taken by the government in the last 33 months. There has been increased dairying activities going by the increased milk production in the state to 48 lakh tonnes from 41.24 lakh tonnes during 2006-07. For the establishment of a Mega Dairy with milk processing and cold-storage units at Chikballapura, an amount of ` Rs 10 crore is provided. In addition, an amount of Rs 10 crore is provided for establishing cold-storage units at Gulbarga and Belgaum.

To overcome the shortage of veterinary doctors, veterinary colleges have been established in Shimoga and Hassan districts. Administrative approval has been given for establishing veterinary colleges in Gadag district and in Athani.

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National crop insurance scheme

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The objectives of the scheme are as under: -

1. To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of natural calamities, pests & diseases.

2. To encourage the farmers to adopt progressive farming practices high value in-puts and higher technology in Agriculture.

3. To help stabilize farm incomes, particularly in disaster years.

Salient features of the scheme: -

1. Crops covered:-

The crops in the following broad groups in respect of which i) the past yield data based on Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) is available for adequate number of years, and ii) requisite number of CCEs are conducted for estimating the yield during the proposed season:

a. Food crops (Cereals, Millets & Pulses)

b. Oilseeds

c. Sugarcane, Cotton & Potato (Annual Commercial/annual Horticultural crops)

Other annual Commercial/annual Horticultural crops subject to availability of past Yield data will be covered in a period of three years. However, the crops which will be covered next year will have to be spelt before the close of preceding year.

2. States and areas to be covered:

The Scheme extends to all States and Union Territories. The States/Uts opting for the Scheme would be required to take up all the crops identified for coverage in a given year.

Exit clause: The States/Union Territories once opting for the Scheme, will have to continue for a minimum period of three years.

3. Farmers to be covered:

All farmers including sharecroppers, tenant farmers growing the notified crops in the notified areas are eligible for coverage.

The Scheme covers following groups of farmers:

a. On a compulsory basis: All farmers growing notified crops and availing Seasonal Agricultural Operations (SAO) loans from Financial Institutions i.e. Loanee Farmers.

b. On a voluntary basis: All other farmers growing notified crops (i.e., Non-Loanee farmers) who opt for the Scheme.

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